Our study centers in the upper Midwest, anchored by the two SpringHill overnight camps in Michigan and Indiana. Four additional camps, all affiliated with Lutheran Outdoor Ministries, are also participating: Crossways Camping Ministries in WI, Living Water Ministries in MI, Ewalu Camp and Retreat Ministries in IA, and Lutheran Outdoor Ministries of Indiana and Kentucky. In Spring 2019, we interviewed congregational leaders at 20 day camp sites. During the summer of 2019 we spent time at traveling day camps across multiple states. The locations are shown in the maps below.
This project used an embedded mixed-methods research design aimed at assessing the variability, impacts, and best practices of traveling day camp programs in Christian camping ministries. The study centered on the programs of SpringHill, Crossways Camping Ministries, Living Water Ministries, Ewalu Camp and Retreat Ministries, and Lutheran Outdoor Ministries of Indiana and Kentucky. The methodology used overlapping qualitative and quantitative research strategies, which was in some cases convergent and in other cases sequential. Each element is separated into six dimensions:
Dimension 1: Traveling Day Camp Program Assessment
This dimension aimed to uncover the scope and variability of traveling day camp programs across the country. It was important to understand how traveling day camp programs have evolved over time and what might be considered best practices. We heard from 50 camp directors who run traveling day camp programs.
Dimension 2: Congregational Leaders Interviews
Winter and Spring 2019
This was an exploratory dimension seeking to understand the impacts of traveling day camp from the perspective of congregational leaders. We interviewed leaders from 20 different day camp sites in order to get their perspectives on the benefits and impacts of the ministries. These perspectives guided the other portions of the study.
Dimension 3: Day Camp Site Visits
Dimension 4: Parent Survey with Control Group
Spring 2019 and Fall 2019
This dimension assessed the impacts of the day camp experience on individuals and families. We used a test-retest methodology to assess growth and program effectiveness. Parents completed surveys before and after the traveling day camp experience. We heard from 450 parents.
Dimension 5: Summer Camp Staff Survey
This dimension assessed the impacts of working on a camp summer staff in a role focused on traveling day camp, specifically related to congregational engagement and attitude toward the congregation. This dimension also assessed the extent to which working on camp staff contributes to the development of Christian leaders. We heard from 725 summer staff.
Dimension 6: Congregational Leader Survey
This final survey of congregational leaders was designed to assess the effectiveness and ongoing outcomes of the day camp experience in the congregation and community. We allowed two or more months to pass in order for congregational leaders to reflect back on the experience and observe ongoing impacts.
Meet the Team
Dr. Jacob Sorenson
Jake is the founder and director of Sacred Playgrounds, a ministry offering research and training to camps and congregations. He has a PhD in practical theology from Luther Seminary, an Mdiv from Princeton Theological Seminary, and more than fifteen years of experience in camping ministry and congregational youth ministry. He has directed multiple research projects related to camping ministry, including the Camp2Congregation Project. He served as the project director and one of four site visitors.
Amber Hill Anderson
Amber has been a member of the Sacred Playgrounds team since 2015. She served as the research coordinator in the Camp2Congregation Project. She served as a data analyst for both qualitative and quantitative data sets. She was also an interviewer and site visitor on the project.
Dr. Paul Hill
Dr. Paul Hill is a retired educator, camp director, and consultant focusing on outdoor ministries. He was the founder of the Center for Youth Ministries at Wartburg Seminary, and he co-founded the camp research enterprise now owned by Sacred Playgrounds. He has specialized in adolescent and young adult male development, and co-authored many books, including “Coming of Age.” Paul served as a site visitor and part of the research team on the Camp2Congregation Project.
Rachael is a program manager at HoneyRock, the Outdoor Center for Leadership Development of Wheaton College. In addition to supporting the research and evaluation efforts of the organization, Rachael oversees the college transition program at Wheaton College. She served as an interviewer, qualitative data analyst, and site visitor on the Camp2Congregation Project.
Abby Sytsma acted as Program Coordinator on behalf of the SpringHill Team for the grant period. This role maximized the impact of the research study by allowing SpringHill to devote a staff member to facilitate change.
Sara VanWinkle was the Day Camp Divisional Director for SpringHill at the time of the project. She informed and supported the work of the grant in her role as Director of Day Camp Operations. 2019 marked her ninth summer with SpringHill.